Project 712

Ogden's Basic English as a Lexical Database In Natural Language Processing
by   Scott R. Hawkins


Allen, James. (1987) Natural Language Understanding. Menlo Park, California: The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, Inc.

Alshawi, Hiyan. (1987) Memory and Context for Language Interpretation. Great Britain: The University Press, Cambridge.

Brachman, Ronald. (1979) "On the Epistemological Status of Semantic Networks." In Associative Networks: Representation and Use of Knowledge by Computers. Ed. Nicholas V. Findler. New York: Academic Press.

Berwick, Robert C. (1985) The Acquisition of Syntactic Knowledge. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Collins, A.M. and Quillian, M. R. (1969) "Retrieval time from semantic memory" Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 8, 240-247.

Davis, Ernest. (1990) Representations of Commonsense Knowledge. San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Inc.

Fillmore, Charles. (1968) "The case for case." In Universals in Linguistic Theory. Eds. E. Bach and R. Harms. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Fillmore, Charles. (1977) "The case for case reopened," in Syntax and Semantics 8: Grammatical Relations. Eds. P. Cole and J. Sadock. New York: Academic Press, 1977.

Hausser, Roland. (1987) Computation of Language. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Hendrix, Gary. (1979) "Semantic Knowledge." In Understanding Spoken Language. Ed. Donald E. Walker. New York: North-Holland.
page 54

Levesque, Hector, and John Mylopoulos. (1979) "A Procedural Semantics for Semantic Networks." In Associative Networks: Representation and Use of Knowledge by Computers. Ed. Nicholas V. Findler. New York: Academic Press.

Minsky, Marvin ed. (1968) Semantic Information Processing. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Nagao, Makato. (1988) Knowledge and Inference. Boston: Academic Press, Inc.

Ogden, C. K. (1934) The System of Basic English. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co.

Prochiantz, Alain. (1989) How the Brain Evolved. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Quillian, M. Ross. (1968) "Semantic Memory," in Semantic Information Processing Ed. M. Minsky. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Rich, Elaine. (1983) Artificial Intelligence. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Schank, R. C. and C. K. Riesbeck. (1981) Inside Computer Understanding. Hillsdale, NI: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Schubert, L. K., R. G. Goebel and N. I. Cercone. (1979) "The Structure and Organization of a Semantic Net for Comprehension and Inference." in Associative Networks: Representation and Use of Knowledge bv Computers. Ed. Nicholas V. Findler. New York: Academic Press.

Simmons, R. F. (1973) "Semantic Networks: Their computation and use for understanding English sentences." In Computer Models of Thought and Language. Eds. Schank, R. C. and K.M. Colby. San Francisco, CA: Freeman.

Shainberg, Lawrence. (1979) Brain Surgeon. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co.

Sowa, John F. (1992) Conceptual Structures: Current Research and Practice. Eds. New York: EllisHorwood.

Waltz, David. (1989) Semantic Structures: Advances in Natural Language Understanding. Hillsdale, NI: Hove and London.
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Winograd, T. (1972) Understanding Natural Language. New York: Academic Press.
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Systems Listing


    The following is the listing of my categorization of C. K. Ogden's System of Basic English. To the best of my knowledge, all 850 words in the original document have been represented at least once. A few of them appear more than once. For example, 'change' appears as both a noun and a verb. In addition, I too the liberty of adding approximately 100 words to the vocabulary. The words which have been added are marked with an asterisk (*).

    There were two primary reasons for those additions:

    1. The word added served as a 'parent' node in the network. For example, I added the word 'texture' to serve as a seantic parent for the set of words 'sticky,' 'fuzzy,' 'rough,' etc.

    2. The word served to flesh out a set of which there was a parent but few children. For example, 'filthy,' and 'sterile,' were added to the category attributes / evaluation / cleanliness, which previously contained only the word 'clean' and 'dirty'.
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    I followed certain notational conventions in listing the vocabulary. Words were indented one and one-quarter inches further than their parents. For example, the network configurations shown below (Fig 5).

[image fig 5]
Figure 5: Network Configuration

would be represented in the listing as:

                        rain         snow         mist

    Since nodes which were components of other nodes are the exception rather than the rule, the reader may assume that any hierarchical relationship is an instance unless told otherwise.

    There may be accidental differences between this listing and the actual implementation.
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Physical Systems


    The root of the entire physical system is environment. All the nodes below are components of the environment, either directly or by inheritance.

    The next 26 pages of systems require HTML tables, which are tedious.
Therefore I am just adding links to the scanned images. Appendix.

image page 59

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    See also Economic System: Entities/Country.

[ image page 60 ]

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[ image page 68 ]


Animal System


    See Physical Systems : Entities / Animal.




[ image page 69 ]


    [ There may be a page or paragraph missing here for component "move". ]

[ image page 70 ]


Human System


    See also Physical Systems : Entities / Animal / human [sic]
component (human)


[ image page 71 ]



[ image page 72 ]


Economic System




[ image page 73 ]


Grammatical Framework

Functional Relationships

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