Subsequent Addenda - 350 words.
Ogden provided a next step of words for the student going on to full English. These, along with the [lost] 150 words of foods and animals, move the learner closer to full English. These 350 were chosen in using the same techniques as the other Basic Words with the effect of allowing more normal sounding English with less need for circumlocution.
These words are indicated in our IDP translation dictionary as "[second]". The words that overlap with the same word in other lists is indicated below as [ ] . Only 292 words are completely new.
Key : [s] - science , [b] - business , [g] - general social science , [v] - verse
Fifty-nine words are in other general lists. [ three words of these words are in two lists: cross, reference, and supply.] Thus, 17% of these words are known to many students before this expansion.
Consider these additions : "can" as a noun, tin can and
verb meaning be able or permissive of may because it will be much seen by learners because it is in the top forty most frequent words of English.
TRIPLES The following words appear on three or more special word lists.
These words have great utility such that at least two-thirds of the audience has learned the word in initial Basic English study and all will have the word in follow up study or practice. These might be freely used in public writing.
column , cross , reference , supply
The following words appear in two or more lists. This is an indication of the usefulness of the word. At least half of the audience has learned the word in initial Basic English study and most will have the word in follow up study or practice with other Basic users.
accident , age , agent , arrangement , ash ,
barrel , breast , bubble , bud ,
capital , case , child , client , column , cost , cross ,
demand , deposit , dew , difficulty , dream ,
effort , employer , evening , exact , experiment , explanation, fair ,
god , grief , guard , habit , hill , honey ,
joint , life , load , mean , origin ,
pool, praise , prayer, priest , proof , proud , reference , rock ,
sale , screen , search , shell , show , sight , spark , spirit ,
storm , stream , strength , supply , surface ,
thief , tower , travel , tube , valley .
Any special word is known by those interested in the special area and likely by others. Next Step classes will likely address all of the general, special words. The words are useful and are likely to be known by many users of Basic. A loose translation will use all special [general] words as part of Basic. If a word is new to the reader, it will be an addition to his vocabulary of the commonly used Basic words.
Non-Basic 850 Expansions The Basic 850 do not include these additions
that might be considered for second level Basic.
AFFIX. These prefix and suffic forms forms from Basic are of value.
"non-" with the sense of un-. "Non-" is common, unlimited and is considered to be neutral, i.e., something does not exist. Whereas un- sometimes has a negative
sense of removing from something that exists.
-th with the sense of a numbered place in a series. (considered valuable in science)
Common complex words from Basic
-able with the sense of able to. This may be used to form complex words in basic Basic, but is not discussed by Ogden.
-ful with the sense of full of. This complex word form has a spelling change of little importance.
-keeper is one who takes care of.
-like as not much different from.
-man, -men, -woman, -women -way in the sense of going from one place to another.
-work, -works, -worker
ADDITION Everyone wants to add their favorite words to Basic. We consider
that the word "can" has merit : "can" as a noun, tin can, and as a verb meaning be able because it will be frequently seen by learners because it is among the top forty most frequent words of English.
Back to: Basic English Institute21st Projects
or Ogden's Basic English
About this Page: second.html -- The words and suggestions about their usage by educators and writers.
Last updated : December 1, 2007. - suggest additions for second level Basic.
March 1, 2005. - include "capital" from GenSocialSci
Contact us by